Tree (three) elephants

 elephants, Savanna, Serengeti, Tanzanya Maasai Mara
Tree elephant

The African elephant (Loxodonta africana) is the biggest terrestrial animal in the world. Males weight about 7 tonnes, while females about 4 tonnes!  

As herbivorous, such a huge bodies consume a lot of food! In fact, every elephant eats about 200 Kgs of green leaves a day. Therefore, they need a vast land  to wonder about. Elephants eat mostly leaves, but sometimes they eat grass or trees bark.

They live in a family herd consist of relative females with their calves and no male at all. The oldest female is the leader. They will approach male only for mating.

After a gestation period of 22 months  a female will give birth to one calf that weight about 120 Kgs! The calf will be cared by all the females, till it will reach puberty at the age of about 8 years. At that age, the male calf will leaves the herd and start solitary life. He will meet a female herd only for mating.

In the past, elephants used to scattered in many parts of Africa, but in the 20th century, and particular in the last 30 years, their number is declining rapidly! That is due to many factors, among them losing of habitats and poaching .