The name Flamingo comes from the word Flame, And tell us about the color of the birds.
Flamingos live in lagoons or large shallow lakes, which are salty.
In salty water there is concentration of algae and small crabs (shrimps) – the flamingo’s food.
In Africa we find two species of flamingo:
lesser flamingo is the most numerous, and eat algae which rich with carotene (Vitamin A that gives the carrots its color), and give it the pink or reddish color.
The greater flamingo is the most widespread, and eat small crabs (shrimps).
Both species has large, oddly shaped upside-down beak to filter the microscopic algae from the water.
The mouth of the flamingo is covered in little hairs also which assist in the filtering of the algae from the water.
Flamingos build their nests out of mud, and do so about 6 weeks before they lay their eggs. They lay one egg that hatches after a 30 day incubation period.