The Atlas Mountains are in the most northwestern Mountain chain in Africa. Cover the southern part of Morocco and stretches all the way to Tunisia. It was created by the ‘plate movement’ a geological term that describes the ‘crashing’ of the African continent into the European continent, and the creation of mountains in the process (the Alps in Europe are part of the same process).
Most of the Atlas Mt. lays in Morocco, where the highest pick, Mt. (Gabel) Toubkal, reaches 4,165 m’ above sea level, one of the highest peaks in Africa. The Mountain range has many fertile valleys, where the Berber people live and cultivate the land.